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Alabama State Guide
December 14, 1819 (22nd state)
Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. In January 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union, and on February 4, delegates from six states met at Montgomery and formed the Confederate States of America, with Montgomery as the capital. After the Civil War, Alabama re-entered the Union. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning "thicket clearers." Alabama has been at the center of many American battles--between white settlers and Native Americans, and between the North and South in the Civil War.
Alabama's state creed, adopted in 1953, is a statement of belief directly pertaining to the state of Alabama. It was approved via Act no. 244 in the state legislature, after a recommendation by the Board and Council of the Alabama Federations of Women's Clubs. It was written by Mrs. H.P. Thetford, from the city of Birmingham, Alabama.
I believe in Alabama, a state dedicated to a faith in God and the enlightenment of mankind; to a democracy that safeguards the liberties of each citizen and to the conservation of her youth, her ideals, and her soil. I believe it is my duty to obey her laws, to respect her flag and to be alert to her needs and generous in my efforts to foster her advancement within the statehood of the world.
Quick Facts About Alabama
10 largest cities (2010): Birmingham, 212,237; Montgomery, 205,764; Mobile, 195,111; Huntsville, 180,105; Tuscaloosa, 90,468; Hoover, 81,619; Dothan, 65,496; Decatur, 55,683; Auburn, 53,380; Madison, 42,938
Area - 52,423 square miles [Alabama is the 30th biggest state in the USA]
Population - 4,447,100 (as of 2000) [Alabama is the 23rd most populous state in the USA]
Major Industries - agriculture (cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans, poultry, and livestock), hydroelectric power, mining (coal, limestone, iron ore), steel-making
Major Rivers - Tombigbee River, Alabama River, Tennessee River, Chattahoochee River
Major Lakes -Guntersville Lake, Wilson Lake, Martin Lake, West Point Lake, Lewis Smith Lake
Highest Point - Cheaha Mountain - 2407 feet, (734 m) above sea level
Lowest Point: Gulf of Mexico at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographic Center - Located in Chilton County approx. 12 miles southwest of Clanton (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
States - Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Bordering Body of Water - Gulf of Mexico
Alabama State Resources
Alabama Almanac: Facts and Figures, Economy, and Geography
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Guide to the US 50 States
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