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The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used
Agricultural Insect, Ambassador of Letters, Amphibian, Artist-in-Residence, Aviation Hall of Fame, Bicentennial Poem, Bicentennial Rap Song, Bicentennial School Song, Bicentennial Tree , Bird, Butterfly, Commercial Fish, Cultivated Flower, Distinguished Service Medal, Fine Art, Flag, Flag of the Governor, Folk Dance, Fossil, Fruit, Game Bird, Gem, Historian, Horse, Insect, Insect, Jamboree and Crafts Festival, Language, Motto, Nicknames, Poem, Poet Laureate, Public School Song, Railroad Museum, Reptile, Rock, Seal, Slogan, Song1, Song2, Song3, Song4, Song5, Song6, Sport Fish, Stone, Tartan, Theatre, Tree, US Bicentennial March Song, US Bicentennial Song, Wild Animal, Wild Flower
Tennessee State Trees
Tulip/Yellow Poplar and Yellowwood TreeSee the Bicentennial State Tree: Yellowwood Tree
See the Tennessee Tree Tulip/Yellow Poplar
Tennessee State Tree
(Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera)
Adopted in 1947.
The tulip poplar, Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera, was designated as the official state tree of Tennessee by Public Chapter 204 of the Acts of the 1947 General Assembly. The act stated that, as no state tree had ever before been designated, the adoption of an official tree seemed appropriate.
Description of the Tennessee State Tree
The tulip poplar was chosen because it was used extensively by the Tennessee pioneers to construct their houses, barns and other buildings. The tree sometimes reaches a height of 200 feet and frequently shows 50-100 feet of trunk without a branch. The bark is smooth and brownish gray. The leaves are very smooth with a broad notch at the tip. The flowers are tulip-like, green-orange in color, and are 1-3 inches deep. In honor of the state's Bicentennial celebration in 1996, the yellowwood was named Tennessee's bicentennial tree.
The following description of the tulip poplar, the botanical name of which is Liriodendron Tulipifera, is taken from The Complete Guide to North American Trees:
Yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), also called tuliptree, tulip-poplar, white-poplar, and whitewood, is one of the most attractive and tallest of eastern hardwoods. It is fast growing and may reach 300 years of age on deep, rich, well-drained soils of forest coves and lower mountain slopes. The wood has high commercial value because of its versatility and as a substitute for increasingly scarce softwoods in furniture and framing construction. Yellow-poplar is also valued as a honey tree, a source of wildlife food, and a shade tree for large areas.
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Tulip/Yellow Poplar
Cladrastis kentuckea (formerly Cladrastis lutea)
Adopted in 1991.See also the Tennessee Tree Tulip/Yellow Poplar
The Yellowwood tree, Cladrastis kentuckea, was designated as the Official Bicentennial Tree of Tennessee by Senate Joint Resolution Number 62 of 1991. The resolution stated that the Yellowwood tree, scientifically known as Cladrastis lutea, is a native Tennessee ornamental tree of unsurpassed beauty, worthy of being grown in yards and public spaces across Tennessee and should serve as a tribute to the pioneering spirit of those individuals whose courage and perseverance paved the way for the settlement of the great state of Tennessee.
Tennessee State Bicentennial Tree
The American Yellowwood is a medium sized tree reaching 35' to 50' tall and about the same in spread (40' - 50' wide). The habit of yellowwood is vase shaped to broad spreading when young, then gradually opening to a broad rounded form. Bright green leaves, which are alternate, odd-pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets turn yellow in the fall. The bark of Cladrastis is a very smooth gray resembling that of a beech tree. The wood just beneath the bark is yellowish, hence the name yellowwood. Flowers of the yellowwood are white, pendulous terminal panicles, 10" - 12" long, appearing in late May to early June. Flowering tends to be heavy on alternate years.
Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8
Height: 40 ft Spread: 35 ft Form: (Vis. 1) rounded
Type: deciduous tree
Annual Growth Rate: less than 12 inches
Leaf: Pinnately compound leaflets are alternate along rachis, Rachis base completely surrounds bud
Buds: Brown and fuzzy and leaf scar completely encircles bud, as in Platanus
Bark: Smooth light gray very beechlike, quite attractive, and name yellowwood comes from the yellow heartwood
Flowers: White, pea-like flowers, fragrant, in 10" to 16" long clusters, bloom time is early June, resembles wisteria flowers, and blooms heavily every 2 or 3 years
Fruit: Flattened pod several seeds 2.5" to 4" long green pods that turn brown in October.
Culture: Full sun, likes moist, fertile, well-drained soils, not too particular about pH, prune in summer to avoid "bleeding" that occurs in winter and spring, and protect from winter sun and wind
Range: Found only in the Blue Ridge and Ridge and Valley regions of Georgia, usually on limestone cliffs and ridges and in Appalachian cove forests. Very rare in the wild. Prefers northfacing cove sites or river bank bluffs
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Yellowwood Tree
All of the state trees, except the Hawaii state tree, are native to the state in which they are designated.