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New Mexico State Tree
Nut Pine or Pinyon
(Pinaceae Pinus edulis)
Adopted on March 16, 1949.
When the New Mexico Federation of Women's Clubs was asked to select a state tree, the pinyon, (Pinaceae Pinus edulis,) was their choice. It was adopted on March 16, 1949, the same day the roadrunner was adopted as the state bird. Ten years later, Nevada adopted the single-leaf pinyon.
New Mexico State Tree: Pinyon
Pinyon (Pinus edulis) is a small, drought-hardy, long-lived tree widespread in the southwestern United States. Its common name is derived from the Spanish piņon which refers to the large seed of pino (pine). For this reason the tree is known in the Southwest and throughout its range by this Spanish equivalent (49). Other common names are Colorado pinyon, nut pine, two-needle pinyon, and two-leaf pinyon (50). Its heavy, yellow wood is used primarily for fuel. Because of their delicate flavor its seeds are in much demand, making them its most valuable product.
Piņon ( Elmore & Janish 1976 ); New Mexican, Colorado, mesa, two-leaved, or common piņon (or pinyon) pine ( Peattie 1950 ).
Identification of the Pinyon
Pinus edulis, the Colorado pinyon, two-needle pinyon, or piņon pine, is a pine in the pinyon pine group whose ancestor was a member of the Madro-Tertiary Geoflora (a group of drought resistant trees) and is native to New Mexico
New Mexico Law
CHAPTER 12 Miscellaneous Public Affairs Matters
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Pinyon
All of the state trees, except the Hawaii state tree, are native to the state in which they are designated.