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Minnesota State Tree
Red Pine aka Norway Pine
(Pinaceae Pinus resinosa)
Adopted in 1953.
The red or Norway pine (Pinus resinosa) was made official in 1953. (Minnesota Statutes 1.143)
Minnesota State Tree: Red Pine aka Norway Pine
The red pine (Pinus resinosa) is pine native to North America. The Red Pine occurs from Newfoundland west to Manitoba, and south to Pennsylvania, with several smaller, disjunct populations occurring in the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia and West Virginia, as well as a few small pockets in extreme northern New Jersey and one in north central Illinois
The Norway Pine is also called the red pine because of its reddish brown bark, stands 60 to 100 feet tall, with a trunk three to five feet wide. Its needles are four to six inches long and grow in pairs.
The tallest Norway pine in Minnesota is in Itasca State Park. It is over 300 years old and stands 120 feet high. Red pine is one of the most extensively planted species in the northern United States and Canada. It is a medium-size tree with lightweight, close-grained, pale reddish wood used primarily for timber and pulpwood. Trees 97 cm (38 in) in d.b.h. and 43 m (141 ft) tall in Michigan are among the largest living specimens.
Norway Pine is also called the red pine.
The name Norway comes from early explorers who thought the tree was a pine they had seen back home in Norway. Perhaps because so many Norwegians live here, Minnesota is the only state that still uses the term Norway. The Norway pine is extremely resistant to insects and disease.
Identification of the Red Pine aka Norway Pine
JURISDICTION, CIVIL DIVISIONS.
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Red Pine
All of the state trees, except the Hawaii state tree, are native to the state in which they are designated.