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Nevada State Grass
Indian Rye Grass
Adopted in 1977
Indian Rice Grass, (Oryzopsis hymenoides,) was adopted in 1977 as the Nevada State Grass. It was once a source of food for Native Nevada Indians. Indian Rice Grass now provides valuable feed for wildlife and range livestock. This tough native grass, which is found throughout the state, is known for its ability to reseed and establish itself on sites damaged by fire or over grazing.
Nevada State Grass: Indian Rye Grass
(Synonym: Stipa hymenoides, Common name: Indian ricegrass) is a perennial cool-season bunchgrass with very narrow, rolled leaf blades. It is native to western
North America east of the Cascades from British Columbia and Alberta south to southern California, northeastern Mexico, and Texas. In the wild it typically grows 4 to 24 inches
(10 to 61 cm) tall and 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm) wide.
It is drought-resistant, adapted to dry, sandy soils. The plant grows in dense clumps, up to 2 feet tall and are beautifully airy & a graceful accent in rock garden, or flower beds & a great sandy soil/meadow reclamation grass.
By June, it turns straw colored & remains this color until Winter rains renew its growth. Often found in flower markets, many people grow it specifically for cutting. The leaves are slender and nearly as long as the stems. It is highly palatable to livestock, both while green in summer and dried in winter. Natural stands in many areas have been greatly depleted by over grazing. This is an important species for reseeding range lands. Seeds were formerly used by Indians for grinding into meal and making bread.
NEVADA REVISED STATUTES
CHAPTER 235 - STATE EMBLEMS; GIFTS AND ENDOWMENTS
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