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New Hampshire Symbols
New Hampshire State Insect
Adopted in 1977.
The ladybug, also known as the ladybird and the lady beetle, is hereby designated as the official state insect of New Hampshire. Ladybug Wins State Crown. The 1977 Legislature voted the ladybug as New Hampshire's official state insect, in a history-making manner. The House of Representatives reversed an adverse committee recommendation on a ladybug bill, with a 185 to 135 standing endorsement. And then the Senate gave the measure such enthusiastic approval that all 24 members signed a copy of the bill, which was framed and presented to the Broken Gound grammar school of Concord, whose pupils sponsored the idea.
It was the boys and girls of Grade 5 of the school who launched the ladybug project, out of their social studies, before the 1977 legislators. They had studied it the previous year, according to Mrs. Marilyn A. Fraser, their teacher, and developed lobbying plans to woo support of the incoming lawmakers. Details of this successful sponsorship of a new law by a group of school children are without precedent. First off, they turned to the two legislators of their East Concord district, Representatives Polly B. Johnson and Robert J. Watson, to sponsor their ladybug bill. They also collected the signatures of 100 citizens and other classmates, to support their venture.
The committee was most favorably impressed with the enthusiasm, intelligence and research done by the members of the 5th grade of the Broken Ground School of Concord, and with the merits and capabilities of the "ladybug."
With such an important consideration as the adoption of a state insect, the committee felt it appropriate to recommend the appointment of a "State Insect Selection Board," so as to broaden the scope of the search for a state insect by hearing from other groups, who may champion other beneficial insects. The ladybug is already the state insect of at least three other states. The amendment establishes such a Board, consisting of one Representative, one Senator, two members appointed by the Governor and Council, chaired by the state entomologist.
The ladybeetle, more commonly called ladybug or ladybird beetle, is the popular name given the Coccinella 7. This beetle was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and called "Beetle of Our Lady." They are around four-tenths of an inch long, brightly colored, round, with the popular ladybug having four black spots on each wing. Ladybugs are sold to farmers to control insect pests because they are important aphid predators. The life cycle is about four weeks as the ladybug larvae passes through four growth stages feeding on insects and insect eggs. The reddish-orange ladybug has distinctive black spots on each wing cover.
It helps farmers by controlling insect pests, especially aphids. In folk medicine, ladybugs were believed to cure various diseases such as colic and measles. In folk medicine ladybug beetles were used to cure various diseases including colic and the measles.
Adults: Small, domed usually hemispherical. Head sunk into pronotum. legs short and retractable; tarsi 4-segmented but 3rd segment very small and concealed in bi-lobed 2nd. 7 Black spots on bright red. Adults may be seen from March to October.
Denfense: Bright colors generally indicate that the insect is armed and dangerous! In this case the ladybird is advertising it's bitter taste. When handled the ladybird will exude drops of pungent fluid which stain the hand and taint it with a long-lasting smell.
Feeding: As with most in this family, ladybirds will eat huge numbers of aphids in both the larval and adult stages
Some Facts About Ladybugs:
Many states have selected insects as one of their state symbols, however nine states (out of 50) have no official state insect as of 2008.