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South Carolina History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in South Carolina
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in South Carolina history.
10,000 – 8,000 BCE The first Native Americans cross into the New World from Siberia 12,000 to 10,000 years ago. The first permanent settlements appear around 1000 BCE At least 29 distinct groups of Native Americans live in South Carolina prior to European arrival. These include the Catawba, Chicora, Santee, and Cherokee. Many of the tribes that once lived in South Carolina are now extinct due to European diseases and conflicts with settlers.
Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. constitution in 1788. By 1730, people of African descent made up two thirds of the colony's population. South Carolina became the first state to secede from the union in 1861, and was the site of the first shots of the Civil War--the shelling of the federally held Fort Sumter by Confederate troops on April 12, 1861.
16th Century South Carolina History Timeline
1500-1600: Early Carolina Expeditions and Settlements
17th Century South Carolina History Timeline
1600-1670: The Seeds of Carolina
1670-1720: The Proprietors' Fortress
1672 - Charles Town is reported to consist of 30 houses and some 200-300 settlers
1680 - April 30 - The Richmond arrives carrying the first large group of French Huguenots.
1698 - October 8 - Increasing importation of African slaves prompts a law providing cash incentive for bringing white servants into Carolina.
18th Century South Carolina History Timeline
1704 - First known map of the Walled City: the Crisp Map of 1704
1713 - September 5 - Hurricane of 1713 strikes the city.
1729 - July 25 - King George buys out the Lords Proprietors, finalizing South Carolina's transformation into a Royal Colony.
1733 - January 13 -James Oglethorpe and the first settlers for Georgia arrive in Charles Town Harbor on the Anne. Savannah is founded soon after.
1739 - September 9 - Some 40 blacks and 21 whites are killed during a slave revolt along the Stono River.
1742 - Charles Town's population estimated to be 6,800.
1745 - Lots laid out for Ansonborough neighborhood.
1773 - January 12 - A committee of The Library Society establishes the Charleston Museum - the oldest in the country.
1774-1782: Revolution and the Siege of Charles Town
1777 - February 13 - The new state government stipulates that each male citizen shall denounce the King and pledge loyalty to the state.
1782 - December 14 - Defeated British Army marches out of city, ending the occupation.
1791 - May 2 - President George Washington arrives in Charleston for a week's visit. His itinerary includes lodging at the Daniel Heyward House 87 Church St. -, a reception at the Old Exchange, and a social evening at McCrady's Longroom 153 East Bay -.
19th Century South Carolina History Timeline
1804 - September 7 - Hurricane of 1804.
1828-29 - A young Army recruit named Edgar Allan Poe is stationed at Ft. Moultrie on Sullivans Island for a year. Later sets his first published story, The Gold Bug, on Sullivan's Island, incorporating coastal Carolina pirate lore.
1864 - The Confederate submarine CSS H. L. Hunley rams the Housatonic; the first submarine to sink a vessel in war.
1870-Present: Modern Era Begins
20th Century South Carolina History Timeline
1900 - Charleston's population estimated to be 55,807.
1931 - The City of Charleston adopts a Planning and Zoning Ordinance establishing the "Old and Historic District," protecting some 400 residential properties in a 23-block area south of Broad Street.
21st Century South Carolina History Timeline
2000 - South Carolina removed last Confederate flag flying above U S Statehouse
2002 - 100 year old Sen. Strom Thurmond retires
2004 - Hurricane Gaston caused major flooding; damaged structures
2007 - Nine fire fighters killed in furniture warehouse fire in Charleston
2009 - Atlantic Coast Conference moved three future baseball tournaments out of state due to concerns from NAACP over state-sponsored display of Confederate flag
2010 - Legislation introduced mandating gold and silver to replace federal currency in the state
2011 - State's immigration laws challenged by 16 nations from Latin America and Caribbean