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Apart from the brief visit of the Scandinavians in the early eleventh century, the Western Hemisphere remained unknown to Europe until Columbus's voyage in 1492. However, the native peoples of North and South America arrived from Asia long before, in a series of migrations that began perhaps as early as forty thousand years ago across the land bridge that connected Siberia and Alaska.
Ohio History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Ohio history.
1670 - René-Robert Cavelier explores and claims the Ohio region for France
1750 - The Ohio Company of Virginia claims the Ohio region for England
1763 - French surrender's claim to Ohio to Britain
1787 - Ohio becomes part of the Northwest Territory
1795 - Treaty of Greenville ends the Indian Wars in Ohio
1788 - April 7 - Marietta was Ohio's first permanent settlement. It was founded in 1788 by General Rufus Putnam and named in honor of Marie Antoinette, then queen of France
1800 - The Division Act creates the Indian Territory
1802 - Congress authorizes formation of a state government in Ohio.
1803 - March 1 - Ohio admitted to the Union as the 17th state. Chillicothe is named state capital.
1804 - Ohio University, founded in 1804 in Athens, was the first university in Ohio and the Northwest Territory.
1810 - Zanesville named state capitol.
1811 - Tecumseh defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
1812 - Fort Meigs constructed to protect Ohio from invasion during the War of 1812
1813 - British defeat in the Battle of Lake Erie
1816 - Columbus named state capitol.
1817 - The first abolitionist newspaper, The Philanthropist, is published in Mt. Pleasant.
1832 - Ohio and Erie canals are completed.
1833 - The nation's first interracial, coeducational college, Oberlin College, was founded in Oberlin in 1833.
1834 - The Ohio Anti-Slavery Society is founded in Zanesville.
1835 - Boundary disputes between Michigan and Ohio cause the Toledo War
1840 - William Henry Harrison, from North Bend, elected president.
1842 - The Wyandottes, Ohio's last Indian tribe, leave Ohio
1849 - The first Ohio State Fair opens.
1851 - Current Ohio Constitution adopted.
1859 - John Brown, an abolitionist from Akron, leads raid on Harper's Ferry, VA.
1861-1865 - Civil War , Ohio fought for the Union but the state showed mixed feelings toward slavery.
1861 - Ohio Statehouse completed.
1863 - The Battle of Buffington Island becomes the only Civil War battle in Ohio.
1868 - Ulysses S. Grant, from Point Pleasant, is elected president.
1873 - Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College opens.
1876 - Rutherford B. Hayes, from Delaware, is elected president.
1878 - James Ritty of Dayton developed the first cash register.
1879 - Cleveland became the world's first city to be lighted
1880 - James Garfield, from Orange, is elected president.
1888 - Benjamin Harrison, from North Bend, is elected president.
1892 - Cedar Point opens its first roller coaster.
1896 - In Marietta, John Gilman first used x-rays in surgery.
1898 - Henry Timken of Canton developed the roller bearing.
1891 - John Lambert of Ohio City made America's first automobile.
1902 - Ohio flag adopted by Ohio Legislature.
1903 - The Wright Brothers, a pair of bicycle shop owners from Dayton, became the first in flight
1903 - Ohio celebrates centennial.
1908 - William Howard Taft, from Cincinnati, is elected president.
1911 - Charles Kettering of Loudonville invented the first automobile self-starter in 1911.
1913 - Spring floods kill 428 people.
1914 - The Ohio Conservancy Act permits formation of watershed districts.
1917 - US enters World War I. About 6,800 Ohio soldiers will be killed.
1920 - Warren G. Harding, from Corsica, is elected president.
1921 - The Bing Act passes, requiring students to remain in school until graduation or age 18.
1923 - Garrett Morgan of Cleveland invented the first traffic light.
1925 - The dirigible Shenandoah crashes near Alva, killing 14 people.
1934 - The first state sales tax is imposed at 3 percent.
1937 - The Ohio River floods, leaving 750,000 people homeless.
1938 - Roy J. Plunkett of New Carlisle invented Teflon.
1941 - US enters World War II; about 20,000 Ohio servicemen will be killed.
1946 - The US Air Force chooses Chuck Yeager, a pilot instructor at Wright Field, to test its first rocket aircraft, breaking the sound barrier in 1947.
1949 - The Ohio Department of Natural Resources is created by the Legislature.
1953 - Congress discovers it neglected to officially recognize Ohio's statehood and passes a formal resolution declaring Ohio's entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
1955 - The Ohio Turnpike is completed.
1958 - "With God all Things are Possible" becomes the state motto.
1962 - John Glenn from New Concord was the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962.
1963 - Professional Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton.
1967 - Great Seal of Ohio is standardized.
1969 - July 20, Neil Armstrong of Wapakoneta became the first man to walk on the moon.
1970 - Four Kent State University students killed by National Guard gunfire during Vietnam War protests.
1971 - State income tax is adopted.
1973 - Ohio State Lottery approved by Ohio voters.
1974 - Xenia tornado kills 34 people.
1976 - Ohio's last commuter train is shut down
1977 - natural gas shortage occurred in severe weather conditions
1983 - Marysville Honda plant dedicated.
1986 - Astronaut Judith Resnick, of Akron, dies in the Challenger space shuttle explosion.
1990 - Ohioans struggle through the economic downturn of the 1980s; the 1990 Census reports a slow 0.5% population increase
1995 - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland.
1995 - The Bosnian Peace Agreement is signed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.
1998 - John Glenn at age 77, he became the oldest American to travel into space.
2001 - Ohio ranked in the top ten in the country for growing corn, oats, winter wheat, soybeans, sweet corn, tomatoes, cucumbers, grapes, strawberries; raising chickens, hogs and pigs; and producing maple syrup and many dairy products.
State History Timelines
State History Timelines
Chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in United States history from discovery to present
What is the past, and why is it important? How do we learn about events in the past?
Study history will allow students to gain a frame of reference for understanding history and for recognizing that the past is different depending on who is remembering and retelling it.