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Missouri History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Missouri
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Missouri history.
Nomadic hunters were present in the area we now call Missouri perhaps as early as 12,000 years ago. Divided into small bands, they ranged widely over the land, hunting many now-extinct animals. The next period, called Archaic, lasted from about 10,000 to 3,000 years ago. In this period, these hunters used woven baskets and highly specialized stone tools. Later on, the Woodland culture saw the introduction of pottery and agriculture. Southeastern Missouri contains many artifacts and relics of the culture called Mississippians or Mound Builders, a village society that started about AD 800.
Missouri was admitted to the United States in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise. Located on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, the state was an important hub of transportation and commerce in early America
17th Century Missouri History Timeline
1673 - First Europeans to set foot on land that would later become Missouri were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet were the during their voyage down the Mississippi River.
18th Century Missouri History Timeline
1703 - Mission of St. Francis Xavier abandoned because of unhealthful swamps
1714 - Frenchman, Etienne de Bourgmont builds a fort on the Missouri River near the mouth of the Grand River.
1719 - Marc Antoine de La Loere Des Ursins, employed by the Company of the Indies, with a crew of workmen, begins digging for lead and silver in the Mine La Motte area and puts black slaves to work in the mines.
1724 - Fort Orleans built on the north bank of the Missouri River by Etienne de Bourgmont in today's Carroll County; abandoned six years later
1750 - St Genevieve established a trading post, the first permanent white settlement
1769 - City of St. Charles established by Louis Blanchette as a trading post
1773 - Mine au Breton (later Potosi) founded
1774 - JB Tribeau starts the first school at St. Louis--it operates about 40 years.
1796 - Daniel Morgan Boone builds a cabin near the mouth of Femme Osage Creek in St. Charles County. He later persuade his father to come to Missouri.
1798 - Lieutenant Governor Zenon Trudeau of the Spanish government offered Daniel Boone 1000 arpents to settle in the Louisiana Territory.
19th Century Missouri History Timeline
1809 - Missouri Fur Company organized in St. Louis. The abundance of animal pelts in the Mississippi Valley region played a key role in the development of the Upper Louisiana territory. Prominent members of the Company included fur trader Manuel Lisa, Auguste and Pierre Chouteau, and William Clark
1813 - Rebecca Boone dies
1831 - Joseph Smith settles with his followers in Independence.
1852- Martha Jane Canary is born in Princeton.
1858 - Hermann's population grows to 1,400 inhabitants
1859 - Braille is first introduced in the Western Hemisphere at the Missouri School for the Blind in St. Louis.
March 6 thru 8 - 3-day battle at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, Union Army forced the Confederates, excluding the state guard from Missouri, to retreat; ending the threat of Confederate military control in Missouri
1864 - George Washington Carver born near Diamond, Missouri
1870 - M. Lemma Barkeloo was the first woman lawyer in Missouri (St. Louis); She was the first woman trial lawyer in the United States, and the first woman lawyer to try a case in federal court.
1887 - Couzins become the nation's first Woman US Marshal
1891 - St. Louis' Wainwright Building, one of America's first skyscrapers, was designed by Louis Sullivan.
20th Century Missouri History Timeline
1907 - Primary election law was adopted in Missouri
1909 - Missouri Supreme Court handed down a decision in the case against Standard Oil Company, affirming the company's violation of Missouri antitrust laws
1918 - World War 1 ended
1933 - William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art, was opened to the public in Kansas City
1935 - Thomas Hart Benton painted A Social History of Missouri in the State Capitol Building's House Lounge
1940 - The Ellis Fischel State Cancer Center was opened in Columbia, becoming the first state-owned and operated hospital west of the Mississippi River devoted exclusively to the care of cancer patients
1944 - U. Senator Harry S. Truman of Independence is elected Vice President.
1948 - President Harry S Truman elected to the Presidency
1949 - The state legislature adopts The Missouri Waltz as the official state song.
1952 - Leonor K. Sullivan became Missouri's first woman US Representative
1965 - The Gateway Arch (Jefferson National Expansion Memorial) designed by Eero Saarinen was completed. Located on the original settlement site of St. Louis, it symbolizes the role of St. Louis in the development of the western frontier
1967 - The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation merged with Douglas to form McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Corporation in 1967
1972 - Mary Gant became Missouri's first woman state senator
1973 - US withdraws from Viet Nam
1977 - Gwen B. Giles became Missouri's first African-American woman state senator
1982 - Government workers began taking soil samples, testing for dioxin at Times Beach; the town was later evacuated
1983 - Scott Joplin is awarded a Pulitzer Prize.
1992 - Missouri voters approved riverboat gambling excursions on the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
1995 - Scientists, archeologists, and interested descendants gather in Kearney to dig up Jesse James' grave.
1996 - Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher delivers a major address at Westminister College in Fulton to commemorate one of the most famous speeches of the post-World War II era: Churchill's 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech.
21st Century Missouri History Timeline
2001 - John Ashcroft becomes US Attorney General.
2007 - Two missing teenage boys, (one since 2002 -, found at home of Michael Devlin near St. Louis; he was charged with kidnapping
2012 - Several towns suffered extensive damage from midwest storm system
Sources: Portions reprinted by permission of the Missouri State Archives