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Apart from the brief visit of the Scandinavians in the early eleventh century, the Western Hemisphere remained unknown to Europe until Columbus's voyage in 1492. However, the native peoples of North and South America arrived from Asia long before, in a series of migrations that began perhaps as early as forty thousand years ago across the land bridge that connected Siberia and Alaska.
Maryland History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Maryland history.
1608 - Capt. John Smith explored Chesapeake Bay.
1620 - Earliest appearance in Maryland of European objects in archeological context.
1629 - George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore, sails from Newfoundland to Virginia.
1631 - Kent Island trading post and farming settlement established by William Claiborne, member of Virginia council.
1632, June 20 - Maryland Charter granted to Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, by Charles I, King of Great Britain and Ireland.
1633, Nov. 22 - English settlers on Ark and Dove set sail from Cowes, England, for Maryland.
1634, March 25 - Landing of settlers at St. Clement's (now Blakistone) Island (Maryland Day). Calvert party celebrates Feast of Annunciation (March 25); later purchases Indian land, and builds "Fort at St. Mary's City."
1634-1644 - Leonard Calvert, governor.
1634/5, Feb. 26 - First General Assembly (law-making assembly of freemen) met at St. Mary's City.
1636 - Leonard Calvert House (later, Country's House), East St. Mary's, serves as state house and governor's residence.
1637 - St. Mary's County first cited in provincial records.
1638 - Assembly claims protectons of English law; Assembly and courts meet at John Lewger's St. John's.
1639 - First elections in province for delegates to Assembly ordered by Governor Calvert on Kent Island, and in hundreds of Mattapanient, St. Michael's, St. Mary's, and St. George's.
1642 - Kent County first cited in records of commissioner appointments.
1643-1644 - Giles Brent, acting provincial governor.
1645 - Ingle's Rebellion: Richard Ingle leads rebellion against proprietary government.
1646-1647 - Leonard Calvert, governor.
1647/8, Jan. 21 - Margaret Brent denied right to vote in General Assembly.
1647-1649 - Thomas Greene, governor.
1649-1652 - William Stone, governor.
1652, March 29 - Parliamentary commissioners displace proprietary regime.
1654 - Patuxent County (later Calvert County) formed by order in council.
1655, March 25 - Puritans from Virginia defeated Gov. William Stone's forces at Battle of the Severn.
1656 - John Hammond's Leah and Rachel, published (London).
1657-1660 - Josias Fendall, governor
1659/60, Jan. 12 - Baltimore County known to have been established by this date, when a writ was issued to county sheriff.
1660 - Bohemia Manor established by Augustine Herrman.
1660-1661 - Philip Calvert, governor.
1661-1676 - Charles Calvert, governor.
1661/62, Feb. 18 - Talbot County known to have been established by this date, when a writ was issued to county sheriff.
1663 - Augustine Herrman, first naturalized citizen of Maryland.
1667 - St. Mary's City incorporated.
1668/69 Feb 16 - Dorchester County known to have been established by this date, when a writ was issued to county sheriff.
1676-1679 - Thomas Notley, governor.
1679-1684 - Charles Calvert, 3rd Lord Baltimore, governor.
1681 - Josias Fendall found guilty of conspiracy by Provincial Court, which fines and banishes him.
1682 - Quakers begin building Third Haven Meeting House (completed 1684), Talbot County.
1684-1689 - Council of deputy governors rules Maryland in the name of child Benedict Leonard Calvert.
1685, Aug. 31 - Printing press of William Nuthead used at St. Mary's City by this date.
1689, July-1690, May - Maryland Revolution of 1689. Protestant Associators overthrow proprietary officers.
1690, May-1692, April - Interim government of Protestant Associators.
1693, Sept - Sir Thomas Lawrence, governor.
1693/94 - Sir Edmund Andros, governor.
1693/94 - Nicholas Greenberry, governor.
1694/5, Feb - Capital moved from St. Mary's City to Anne Arundel Town. Governor Nicholson lays out plan for capital city.
1694, Dec - Anne Arundel Town renamed Annapolis.
1694-1699 - Sir Francis Nicholson, governor.
1695 - Prince George's County erected from Charles and Calvert counties (Chapter 13, Acts of 1695, May session)
1699-1704 - Nathaniel Blackiston (or his appointee), acting governor.
1704-1709 - John Seymour, governor.
1708 - The Sot-Weed Factor: Or, A Voyage to Maryland, by Ebenezer Cook, published (London).
1709-1714 - Edward Lloyd (president of council), acting governor.
1710 - Talbot Court House (later East Town or Easton).
1714-1720 - John Hart, governor.
1718 - Catholics disenfranchised by Assembly.
1720-1727 - Charles Calvert, governor.
1723 - School and board of visitors in each county mandated by Assembly.
1727, Sept - Maryland Gazette, first newspaper in the Chesapeake, published by William Parks at Annapolis (until 1734).
1727-1731 - Benedict Leonard Calvert, governor.
1729 - Baltimore Town established by charter.
1730 - Sotweed Redivivus, by Ebenezer Cook, published (Annapolis).
1731 - Baltimore Company began ironmaking on Patapsco River.
1731-1732 - Samuel Ogle, governor.
1732-1733 - Charles Calvert, governor.
1733-1742 - Samuel Ogle, governor.
1741 - Oldtown on upper Potomac founded by Thomas Cresap.
1742-1747 - Thomas Bladen, governor.
1743 - First Lutheran church in Maryland built under David Candler's leadership, Monocacy River.
1744, June 30 - Native-American chiefs of the Six Nations relinquished by treaty all claims to land in colony. Assembly purchased last Indian land claims in Maryland.
1747-1752 - Samuel Ogle, governor.
1748 - Frederick County erected from Baltimore and Prince George's counties.
1750 - Ohio Company established trading post at Will's Creek on Potomac River. About same time, John Stevenson shipped cargo of flour to Ireland, first in an export trade that spurred development of Baltimore.
1752 - John Moale sketched Baltimore Town.
1752-1753 - Benjamin Tasker (president of council), acting governor.
1753-1769 - Horatio Sharpe, governor.
1754 - Fort Cumberland constructed by militiamen.
1756 - Assembly supplied funds for Fort Frederick, near North Mountain.
1762 - Elizabeth Town (later Hagerstown) laid out by Jonathan Hager.
1763 - First volunteer fire company, later Mechanical Company, formed in Baltimore.
1763-1767 - Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed boundary line with Pennsylvania.
1766 - Sons of Liberty organized in Baltimore County.
1767 - Annapolis merchants sent Charles Willson Peale to London to study painting with Benjamin West.
1768 - Baltimore County seat moved from Joppa to Baltimore Town.
1769-1776 - Robert Eden, governor.
1771 - First brick theater in America opened in Annapolis.
Dec - Mordecai Gist formed Baltimore Independent Cadets.
1777-1779 - Thomas Johnson, governor.
1778 - Count Casimir Pulaski raised independent troops, Baltimore.
1779 - Maryland Anglicans referred to themselves as Protestant Episcopal Church.
1779-1782 - Thomas Sim Lee, governor.
1782 - Washington College (formerly Kent Academy) established at Chestertown.
1782-1785 - William Paca, governor.
1785-1788 - William Smallwood, governor.
1788-1791 - John Eager Howard, governor.
1791-1792 - George Plater, governor.
1792-1794 - Thomas Sim Lee (Federalist), governor.
1793 - Refugees from Haitian slave uprising arrived in Baltimore.
1794-1797 - John H. Stone (Federalist), governor.
1795 - Bank of Baltimore established. Federal government sited post office at Cumberland.
1797, Sept - David Stodder's shipyard, Harris Creek, launched US Frigate Constellation.
1797-1798 - John Henry (Federalist), governor.
1798-1801 - Benjamin Ogle (Federalist), governor.
1799 - Construction began on Fort McHenry, Baltimore. Alexander Martin established Baltimore American and Daily Advertiser.
1801-1803 - John Francis Mercer (Democratic-Republican), governor.
1803 - Viva voce voting at elections changed to voting by ballot.
1803-1806 - Robert Bowie (Democratic-Republican), governor.
1806-1809 - Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican), governor.
1807, Dec. 18 - University of Maryland chartered at Baltimore as the College of Medicine of Maryland.
1809-1811 - Edward Lloyd V (Democratic-Republican), governor.
1811-1812 - Robert Bowie (Democratic-Republican), governor.
1812-1816 - Levin Winder (Federalist), governor.
1816-1819 - Charles Ridgely (Federalist), governor.
1819-1822 - Samuel Sprigg (Republican), governor.
1822 - Isaac McKim milled flour with steam power, Baltimore, first such operation in country.
1822-1826 - Samuel Stevens, Jr. (Republican), governor.
1824 - Benjamin Lundy published the Genius of Universal Emancipation, Baltimore.
1824-1829 - Chesapeake and Delaware Canal constructed through Cecil County to link Chesapeake Bay with Delaware River.
1826-1829 - Joseph Kent (Republican), governor.
1828-1848 - Chesapeake and Ohio Canal constructed (to Cumberland by 1848).
1829-1830 - Daniel Martin (anti-Jackson), governor.
1830-1831 - Thomas King Carroll (Democrat), governor.
1831-1833 - George Howard (anti-Jackson), governor.
1833-1836 - James Thomas (anti-Jackson), governor.
1834 - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad reaches Harpers Ferry.
1836-1839 - Thomas W. Veazey (Whig), governor.
1839-1842 - William Grason (Democrat), governor.
1841 - Maryland College of Pharmacy.
1842-1845 - Francis Thomas (Democrat), governor.
1845-1848 - Thomas G. Pratt (Whig), governor.
1846 - James Corner opened first transatlantic packet line, Baltimore to Liverpool.
1848-1851 - Philip Francis Thomas (Democrat), governor.
1851-1854 - Enoch Louis Lowe (Democrat), governor.
Dec - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad lines reached Wheeling, Virginia.
1854 - Baltimore County seat moved to Towson Town.
1854-1858 - Thomas Watkins Ligon (Democrat), governor.
1854-1859 - Rise of Know Nothing Party. Baltimore riots named city "Mobtown."
1858-1862 - Thomas Holliday Hicks (Know-Nothing), governor.
1862-1866 - Augustus W. Bradford (Unionist), governor.
1863, late June- early July - Lee's army passed through Washington County en route to Gettysburg and in retreat.
Nov. 1 - Maryland slaves emancipated by State Constitution of 1864.
1866 - First library of Peabody Institute opened.
1866-1869 - Thomas Swann (Unionist Democrat), governor.
1869-1872 - Oden Bowie (Democrat), governor.
1872-1874 - William Pinkney Whyte (Democrat), governor.
1874 - Commissioners of Fisheries authorized.
1874-1876 - James Black Groome (Democrat), governor.
1876-1880 - John Lee Carroll (Democrat), governor.
1879 - Telephone exchange opened in Baltimore, first in State.
1880-1884 - William T. Hamilton (Democrat), governor.
1881, Sept - Oriole Festival celebrated opening of Loch Raven Reservoir.
1884 - General Assembly, pressured by Knights of Labor, created Bureau of Industrial Statistics and Information.
1884-1885 - Robert M. McLane (Democrat), governor.
1885-1888 - Henry Lloyd (Democrat), governor.
1888-1889 - Oyster Wars; Maryland and Virginia watermen fought on Chesapeake Bay.
1888-1892. Elihu E. Jackson(Democrat), governor.
1891 - Charles H. Grasty assumed control of Baltimore Evening News.
1892-1896 - Frank Brown (Democrat), governor.
1896-1900 - Lloyd Lowndes (Republican), governor.
1898 - Baltimore obtained reformed city charter.
1900-1904 - John Walter Smith (Democrat), governor.
1904-1908 - Edwin Warfield (Democrat), governor.
1905 - Nov - Voters defeated black-disenfranchising Poe amendment.
1908-1912 - Austin Lane Crothers (Democrat), governor.
Isaac E. Emerson built Emerson or "Bromo-Seltzer" Tower, Baltimore.
1912-1916 - Phillips Lee Goldsborough (Republican), governor.
1913 - Baltimore Chapter, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), formed, second oldest in country.
1914 - Babe Ruth pitched for International League Orioles.
Nov. 2 - Referendum and County Home Rule amendments adopted.
1916-1920 - Emerson C. Harrington (Democrat), governor.
1920-1935 - Albert C. Ritchie (Democrat), governor.
1926 - Baltimore equalized pay for black and white teachers.
1928 - Grammar-school education mandated.
1934 - Walters Art Gallery opened (built 1909, bequeathed by Henry Walters to city, 1931), Baltimore.
1935-1939 - Harry W. Nice (Republican), governor.
1939-1947 - Herbert R. O'Conor (Democrat), governor.
Dec. 7 - USS. Maryland among naval ships attacked at Pearl Harbor.
Sept - 29th Division embarked for Britain.
1945 - Slum clearance began in Baltimore by Redevelopment Commission.
Montgomery County Junior College opened, first in State.
Oct - Maryland Congress against Discrimination met in Baltimore.
July 1. State sales tax instituted, first in state history.
1947-1951 - William Preston Lane (Democrat), governor.
1951-1959 - Theodore R. McKeldin (Republican), governor.
1959-1967 - J. Millard Tawes (Democrat), governor.
Oct - Rouse announced plan to build Columbia in Howard County.
1967-1969 - Spiro T. Agnew (Republican), governor.
1969-1977 - Marvin Mandel (Democrat), governor.
1977-79 - Blair Lee III (Democrat), acting governor.
1979-1987 - Harry Hughes (Democrat), governor.
1981 - National Aquarium opened in Baltimore.
1983 - Dec. 9 - Chesapeake Bay Agreement to improve water quality and living resources of Bay signed by Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, District of Columbia, Chesapeake Bay Commission, and US Environmental Protection Agency.
1987 - Dec. 14 - Chesapeake Bay Agreement to restore and protect Bay signed by Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, District of Columbia, Chesapeake Bay Commission, and US Environmental Protection Agency.
1987-1995 - William Donald Schaefer (Democrat), governor.
1993 - Sept. 10 - Chesapeake Bay Partnership Agreement, to reduce pollution in Bay's tributaries by the year 2000, signed by Governor, Maryland's 23 counties, and Baltimore City.
2000 - June 28 - Chesapeake Bay Agreement, (Chesapeake 2000), established regional standards for Bay restoration, signed by Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, District of Columbia, Chesapeake Bay Commission, and US Environmental Protection Agency.
State History Timelines
State History Timelines
Chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in United States history from discovery to present
What is the past, and why is it important? How do we learn about events in the past?
Study history will allow students to gain a frame of reference for understanding history and for recognizing that the past is different depending on who is remembering and retelling it.