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Apart from the brief visit of the Scandinavians in the early eleventh century, the Western Hemisphere remained unknown to Europe until Columbus's voyage in 1492. However, the native peoples of North and South America arrived from Asia long before, in a series of migrations that began perhaps as early as forty thousand years ago across the land bridge that connected Siberia and Alaska.
Indiana History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Indiana history.
1614,1615 - Samuel de Champlain, governor of New France and the founder of Quebec, was believed to be the first of the French explorers to be connected with the Maumee region. He is believed to have seen the Maumee in 1614 or 1615.
1671 - Simon Daumont de Saint-Lusson declared the lands of the western interior for France at Sault Ste. Marie. Louis Jolliet was one of the signers of this declaration which included the area that later became Indiana. René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle (1643-1687) enters the area that was to become Indiana.
1679 - René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle (1643-1687) & Louis de Baude de Frontenac, Governor of New France, decided on plans which would enable them to gain control of the area enabling the Maumee-Wabash trade route (via the portage of 1670). One part involved relocating the Miami Indians to the headwaters of the Maumee River to secure the area. This Miami village, located at the site of the present city of Fort Wayne, was known as Kekionga, or Kiskakon, and later became known as "Miamitown". It was used as a trading post by 1686, and is reported to be "the oldest continually occupied community in subsequent Indiana and the general area to the south of the Great Lakes.
1689-1697 - King William's War
1702-1713 - Queen Anne's War
1702 - A major transportation complex of the midwest, the territory that is now known as Indiana was first explored by the French. Mostly fur traders, they established the first permanent settlement at Vincennes
1717 - French Fort Quiatenon was established, near the present city of Lafayette, to protect the western frontier
1732 - Vincennes fortified in 1732 and Vincennes becomes the Indiana's first permanent settlement
1744 - King Nicolas War (known as "King George's War" in Europe) began.
1747 - British influenced Huron chief, King Nicolas, attacking the French Fort Miami.
1749 - Second French fort
1752, 1753 - A smallpox plague struck the Indian population causing dramatic loss of life.
1754-1763 - The French and Indian War
1763 - England gains control of the Indiana region and Vincennes The proclamation of 1763 forbid the settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. From their posts north of the Ohio River the British sent Indian war parties against those settlers who ignored the proclamation line.
1772 -General Gage ordered the French in the Wabash Valley to leave their settlements, & demanded the title deeds to their lands.
1774 - (June 2nd) British Parliament passed the Quebec Act, permitting the Canadians to retain French laws and customs, and allowing the Catholic Church to maintain all its rights. "The French settlements at the West, in our present Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, were by the act included in the province of Quebec."
1776-1787 - The Revolutionary War
1777 - Indians on the Trans-Appalachian Frontier were encouraged by the British to attack the frontier Americans.
1779 - British Lieutenant-Governor Henry Hamilton surrendered Fort Sackville to American Colonel George Rogers Clark
1783 - Indiana area given to the United States Territory. "Declaration Signed in Paris by the American Commissioners - February 20, 1783 By the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, for making Peace with Great Britain. A Declaration of the Cessation of
Hostilities as well by Sea as Land, agreed upon between His Majesty, the King of Great Britain, and the United States of America..."
1787-1800 - The Northwest Territory
1787 - Treaty of Fort Harmer was signed, and a war began in the summer which would last until 1794.
1800-1816 - The Indiana Territory
1803 - Potawatomi and others signed treaties at Fort Wayne, Fort Industry (1805), and Grouseland (1805), ceding portions of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois..."
1805 - Michigan Territory separated from the Indiana Territory.
1809 - Illinois Territory separated from the Indiana Territory.
1811 - Indians are defeated in the Battle of Tippecanoe under W. H. Harrison
1811-1812 - Earthquakes in the midwest
1813 - Territorial Capital moved to Corydon.
1814 - The War of 1812 which ended 24 December 1814 with signing of the Treaty of Ghent July 22, 1814: "A treaty of peace and friendship between the United States of America, and the tribes of Indians called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoese, Senecas, and Miamies..."
September 8, 1815: Treaty between the United States of America and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatimie, Tribes of Indians, residing within the limits of the State of Ohio, and the Territories of Indiana and Michigan
1816 - Indiana becomes the 19th state with the capitol at Corydon. Jonathan Jennings (1784-1834) was the first Governor of Indiana.
1818 - St. Marys, Ohio, several Indian tribes (Delawares, Wea, Kickapoos, Miamis and Potawatomis) gave up their claim to a portion of central Indiana, called the "New Purchase."
1822 - Indiana and Illinois joined together in a plan to connect the Maumee and Wabash Rivers, and in 1826, the canal became a reality, with the first section, linking Fort Wayne with Huntington, completed in 1835.
1825 - Indianapolis becomes the state capital
1842 - The University of Notre Dame is founded in South Bend
1851 - Indiana adopted a state constitution that included a measure protecting the property rights of married women.
1889 - The Standard Oil Company builds an oil refinery in Whiting
1897 - Tribal status of the Indiana Miami was terminated, however there were still 90 Miami listed on the 1910 census of Indiana.
1906 - US Steel Company builds steel plant and founds the city of Gary
1911 - The first Indy 500 car race takes place
1915 - Workmen's Compensation Act becomes law
1932 - One-fourth of the workforce was unemployed.
1956 - The Northern Indiana Toll Road is completed.
State History Timelines
State History Timelines
Chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in United States history from discovery to present
What is the past, and why is it important? How do we learn about events in the past?
Study history will allow students to gain a frame of reference for understanding history and for recognizing that the past is different depending on who is remembering and retelling it.