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Nebraska State Gemstone
Blue Agate (Blue chalcedony)
(SiO2 - Silicon Dioxide)
Adopted on March 1, 1967.
Blue chalcedony, commonly called the blue agate, was named Nebraska's state gemstone by legislative action in 1967. A pale stone, blue chalcedony, sometimes a dark internal form with bands of blue and white and often has a colorless streak. Blue agates often are used to make jewelry.
Blue Agate has been found in place in wind-deposited claystones in the Chadron Formation of Oligocene Age in Sioux and Dawes counties. These gems have been found in colors other than blue and the large oval stone is a doublet with a blackened back to highlight the plumes in this material. Chalcedony is found in many deposit forms. Stalactite growths of the mineral are seen in numerous places and often assume fantastic shapes and forms. Chalcedony also may replace materials such as wood. The blue agate can be found in northwestern Nebraska. The chalcedony probably originated from silica that was freed when devitrification (changing from a glassy to a crystalline state) of wind-blown volcanic ash took place. The chalcedony appears to have formed in or near sources of alkaline water.
On Nebraska's centennial, the governor signed a bill designating blue chalcedony, commonly called the blue agate, as Nebraska's official state gemstone. The Blue Agate became the state gem on March 1, 1967 (Nebraska's Centennial).
Revised Statues - Chapter 90 Special Acts
Gems, Minerals, & Rocks
State symbols represent things that are special to a particular state. Some of these symbols are the Gemstone, Minerals, Rocks. Of the 50 states, 19 have adopted a state gemstone and all have adopted some sort of earth symbol.
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