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The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.
South Dakota Symbols
Animal, Bird, Bread, Common Language, Dessert, Drink, Fish, Fishing Museum, Flag, Floral Emblem, Fossil, Gemstone, Grass, Greeting, Hall of Fame, Insect, Jewelry, Mineral Stone, Motto, Musical Instrument, Nicknames, Seal, Slogan, Soil, Song, Sport, Tree
South Dakota State Flower
American Pasque Flower
Adopted on March 5, 1903; 1919
The American Pasque Flower, Pulsatilla hirsutissima, was adopted as South Dakota's state flower on March 5, 1903. In 1919, South Dakota's state flower law was revised, changing the scientific name to Pulsatilla hirsutissima
Originally named the Paschflower by herbalist John Gerade in 1597. From the Hebrew word Pasch, which means Passover.
This perennial herb is more commonly called the pasqueflower (psk´flou´´r) from the French word Pasque, or "Easter". It grows wild throughout the state, and its blooms are one of the first signs of spring in South Dakota.
A wildflower of the prairie regions of North America, is of the buttercup family having purple, crocus like flowers blooming about Easter. The pasqueflower has often been made the subject of Plains Indian songs and legends. South Dakota's original state flower bill, described it as "the pasque or wind flower."It was changed to "pasque flower,"with the scientific name "Anemone patens.
Pasque flowers have a showy, beautiful blossom that is composed of 5 to 7 sepals that look like petals. True petals are lacking. The flowers are radially symmetrical and grow to be 1 to 4 inches (2.5 - 10.2 cm) wide. Leaves on the stem are silky, haired, sessile, and arranged in a whorl beneath the petal-like sepals. The basal leaves, typical of all plants in the buttercup family, have long, hairy petioles and are deeply indented, producing narrow, linear palmate lobes. A similar species, not found in South Dakota is the western pasque flower. It can be distinguished by its smaller flowers that are lighter in color.
The pasque flower is found across much of North America from approximately 43 degrees to 60 degrees north latitude. It is found from Alaska, south to Utah, east to Illinois and west to Alberta. Pasqueflowers prefer plains, foothills and mountain meadows at altitudes from 4,000 to 10,000 feet (1231-3077 m). In eastern South Dakota, pasque flower growth can be quite luxuriant, though it becomes more sparse west of the Missouri River. With agriculture and ranching, pasque flowers are not as abundant as they once were, but they are still locally common in the Black Hills, Slim Buttes, and Cave Hills.
|Kingdom||Plantae -- Plants|
|Subkingdom||Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants|
|Superdivision||Spermatophyta -- Seed plants|
|Division||Magnoliophyta -- Flowering plants|
|Class||Magnoliopsida -- Dicotyledons|
|Family||Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family|
|Genus||Pulsatilla P. Mill. – pasqueflower|
|Species||Pulsatilla patens (L.) P. Mill. – American pasqueflower|
|Subspecies||Pulsatilla patens (L.) P. Mill. ssp. multifida (Pritz.) Zamels – cutleaf anemone|