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Nevada State Fish
Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
(Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi)
Adopted in 1981.
The Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi, was designated the official state fish in 1981.
Description of the Nevada State Fish
It might seem surprising that a trout could survive in fourteen of arid Nevada's seventeen counties. As you might guess, it's a hardy fish, occupying habitats ranging from mountain streams and alpine lakes to seasonal lowland streams and alkaline lakes where no other trout can survive.
Although coloration is variable, this species is generally heavily marked with large, rounded black spots, more or less evenly distributed over the sides, head, and abdomen. Spawning fish generally develop bright red coloration on the underside of the mandible and on the opercle. In spawning males, coloration is generally more intense than in females.
The Lahontan cutthroat trout is one subspecies of the wide-ranging cutthroat trout species (O. clarki) that includes at least 14 recognized forms in the western United States. Cutthroat trout have the most extensive range of any inland trout species of western North America, and occur in anadromous, non-anadromous, fluvial, and lacustrine populations (Behnke 1979). Many of the basins in which cutthroat trout occur contain remnants of much more extensive bodies of water which were present during the wetter period of the late Pleistocene epoch (Smith 1978).
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
This is a list of official and *unofficial U.S. state fish: The only states lacking a state fish as of 2008 are Arkansas, Indiana, Kansas, and Ohio.
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