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Nevada State Fish
Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
(Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi)
Adopted on May 28, 1981.
The Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi,) was designated the official state fish on May 28, 1981.
Listed as Endangered on October 13, 1970 and reclassified as Threatened in 1975.
Nevada State Fish: Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
It might seem surprising that a trout could survive in fourteen of arid Nevada's seventeen counties. As you might guess, it's a hardy fish, occupying habitats ranging from mountain streams and alpine lakes to seasonal lowland streams and alkaline lakes where no other trout can survive.
Characteristics of Nevada Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is the largest subspecies of cutthroat trout, and the state fish of Nevada. It is one of three subspecies of cutthroat trout that are listed as federally threatened.
Although coloration is variable, this species is generally heavily marked with large, rounded black spots, more or less evenly distributed over the sides, head, and abdomen. Spawning fish generally develop bright red coloration on the underside of the mandible and on the opercle. In spawning males, coloration is generally more intense than in females.
Although the Lahontan cutthroat in Oregon were originally classified as Willow-Whitehorse cutthroat trout, genetic and taxonomic investigations led to its re-classification in 1991 (Williams 1991).
The Lahontan cutthroat trout is one subspecies of the wide-ranging cutthroat trout species (O. clarki) that includes at least 14 recognized forms in the western United States. Cutthroat trout have the most extensive range of any inland trout species of western North America, and occur in anadromous, non-anadromous, fluvial, and lacustrine populations (Behnke 1979). Many of the basins in which cutthroat trout occur contain remnants of much more extensive bodies of water which were present during the wetter period of the late Pleistocene epoch (Smith 1978).
TITLE 19--MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS RELATED TO GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS. CHAPTER 235-STATE EMBLEMS; GIFTS AND ENDOWMENTS, STATE SEAL AND MOTTO. SECTION
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
This is a list of official and *unofficial U.S. state fish: The only states lacking a state fish as of 2008 are Arkansas, Indiana, Kansas, and Ohio.
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