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Prehistory: First Inhabitants
Bird, Butterfly, Coin, Bucking Horse and Rider (BH&R), Dinosaur, Fish, Flag, Flower, Fossil, Gemstone, Language, Mammal, Motto, Nicknames, Reptile, Seal, Song, Tree
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Wyoming Early History
First Early Inhabitants of Wyoming
Early history examines the archaeological record that tells the story of the first inhabitants of Wyoming. Learn about the prehistory and culture of the first early inhabitants, and what lessons it might teach us about the early history of Wyoming.
Wyoming First Early Inhabitants Timeline
Early History of Native Americans in Wyoming
The Indigenous People of Wyoming
People were living in the area we now call Wyoming more than 12,000 years ago. These people were probably part of the Clovis culture. In the next two to four thousand years, there is evidence of other cultures living and moving through this area including people who hunted big game, including animals that no longer exist, like the wooly mammoth.
The area that would become Wyoming was inhabited by several Native American groups before the arrival of Europeans. The Shoshone, Arapaho, Cheyenne and Crow lived in the eastern portion of the area. They hunted bison, following the tremendous herds through their seasonal migrations, and lived in tepees. The Ute people inhabited Wyoming's western mountains, depending less on bison and more on the gathering of wild foods, the hunting of smaller game (antelope, rabbit, deer, elk) and fishing. One Indian reservation remains in Wyoming today. It is home to over 5,000 Shoshone and Arapaho Indians.
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