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Vermont CountiesThere are fourteen counties in Vermont. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1777, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781 Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont, plus Washington County, which eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County until 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.
Orleans County, Vermont
Orleans County History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
For the House of Orleans. Also known as the House of Bourbon-Orléans or Maison de Bourbon-Orléans, for many centuries, the House of Orléans was one of the most important families in France, with the Duc d'Orléans traditionally being very close to the king. From the reign of Louis XIV, the family were related to the main Bourbon line as being cousins. This is because the founder of the House of Orléans was the younger brother of Louis XIV and was a Fils de France or son of France.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
In 1753, the Abenakis brought the ransomed John Stark down Lake Memphremagog and came ashore where Newport is now.
They then traveled southeast to his home in New Hampshire.
Irasburgh, chief town. This county is bounded N. by Lower Canada, E. by Essex and Caledonia counties, S. by Caledonia county, and W. by Franklin and Lamoille counties. This county lies between the eastern and western ranges of the Green mountains. The surface is generally handsome and the soil well adapted for wheat, rye and grass; the climate is rather too cold for corn, and some parts of the county is low and marshy. Orleans county is watered by Missisque, Black, Barton and other rivers. It contains more ponds than any county in the state. Much of its trade goes to Canada by the way of Memphremagog lake, which lies in this county and Canada. In 1837 there were 30,657 sheep in the county. Incorporated, 1792. Population, 1830, 11,375.
From Hayward's New England Gazetteer of 1839
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,868 km²).It is the fifth
largest county in Vermont. It is larger than the nation of Guadeloupe and smaller than the country of Mauritius.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
But age, size and colorful names of our counties isn't the only reason to explore counties' role in American history, or the history of county government itself. In fact, the story of county government reflects the larger meanings of American history.
Today's counties are the most flexible, locally responsive and creative governments in the US. They are the most diverse, varying in size, population, geography, and governmental structure. In their politics and policies, they express a 1990's political slogan "Think globally, act locally."