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Texas CountiesTexas is divided into 254 counties, more than any other U.S. state Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931
McLennan County, Texas
McLennan County History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Neil McLennan, an early settler in the future county
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
McLennan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. Its seat is Waco. The county is named for Neil McLennan, an early settler.
McLennan County was established by the Texas legislature on January 22, 1850, and named for Neil McLennan,qv one of the early settlers. The county government was organized in August 1850 with Waco as its county seat. The county originally included its present area, as well as the land to the northwest as far as the northern boundary of the Robertson colony; it was reduced to its present size in 1854, when Bosque County was established. Although McLennan County was organized too late to be included in the 1850 census, its population at that time has been estimated at several hundred. Rapid growth was possible because, within two years of the establishment of Waco Village, the frontier was pushed well to the northwest of the area. The Indians who had lived there were moved to a Texas reservation in 1854 and then to Oklahoma in 1859. Aside from Waco, the earliest communities in the county were at Bosqueville and Bold Springs (later called West). Most of the settlers who came to the county before the Civil Warqv were Americans of English, Scottish, and Irish descent who moved from other parts of Texas or from the southern United States. Many of them were well-educated, well-to-do people with money to invest in the establishment of new towns, schools, and churches. The county was divided into school districts in 1854. Early public schools were located near the center of their district and generally carried the same name as the nearby settlement. Districts usually charged tuition to raise money to pay their teachers. Population growth made redistricting necessary in 1867 and again in 1884. Large-scale consolidation of common school districts into independent school districts took place in the 1930s and 1940s. Several private schools, such as the Bosqueville Male and Female Collegeqv and the Trinity River High School (later Waco Universityqv) added to the educational opportunities in the county. Paul Quinn Collegeqv moved to Waco from Austin in 1881. Waco was also chosen as the site of Baylor Universityqv when Waco University and Baylor University at Independence were consolidated in 1886. McLennan Community Collegeqv was established at Waco in 1965. As in many Texas counties, extensive schooling was for many children a luxury that took second-place to helping on the family farm. As late as 1940 only 14 percent of the population over the age of twenty-five had completed high school. As the job market expanded during the next forty years, so did the percentage of residents who finished school. By 1960 more than 21 percent were high school graduates, and by 1980 the number represented nearly 60 percent of the population over twenty-five
More at Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/hcm8.html (accessed November 7, 2008).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,060 square miles (2,746 kmē), of which,
1,042 square miles (2,698 kmē) of it is land and 18 square miles (48 kmē) of it (1.73%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
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