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New York Counties
New York CountiesThere are 62 counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County. New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and generals, and state politicians.
Seneca County, New York
Seneca County History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
from the Indian tribe that once occupied the region
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Seneca County was taken from Cayuga in 1804; since which other counties have been formed from it. Its greatest length
N. and S. is 36 miles; medium width, 12. Centrally distant from New York, 317, from Albany, 172 miles. The land rises
gently from the Cayuga and Seneca lakes, and the whole county is pleasantly diversified with hills and vales. The soil
is well adapted to the culture of grain, grasses, and fruit trees, being principally a vegetable mould or calcareous
loam. There is no stream of importance excepting the outlet of the Seneca lake, which from Waterloo to Seneca lake
furnishes much hydraulic power. The lands of this county formed part of the military tract, and the titles therefore are
derived from the state through patents to the soldiers of the revolution. The Erie canal just touches upon the NE. part,
in the town of Tyre. The railroad passes through the towns of Waterloo and Seneca Falls. The county is divided into 10
towns. (Historical Collections of the State of New York, Past and Present, John Barber, Clark Albien & Co., 1851)
Before the Revolutionary War, the area now covered by Seneca County was the home of the Cayuga and Seneca
Indians. The boundary line was between the village of Waterloo and Seneca Lake. The first in-depth historical data
on the area can be found in the journals of the men of the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition. The men entered the region
September 3, 1779. They traveled along the east shore of Seneca Lake to Canada-saga, now Geneva. Although no more
than 40 people died as a result of the expedition, the destruction of the Indian villages and farms was so complete
that it helped drastically to strengthen the position of the Americans at war.
Full History at NYSAC
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 391 square miles (1,011 kmē), of which, 325
square miles (842 kmē) of it is land and 66 square miles (170 kmē) of it (16.80%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
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