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New York Counties
New York CountiesThere are 62 counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County. New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and generals, and state politicians.
Saratoga County, New York
Saratoga County History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
a corruption of the Indian word "sah-rah-ka," said to mean "the side hill"
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Saratoga County was taken from Albany in 1791; greatest length N. and 5. 47, and greatest breadth E. and W. 30 miles.
Centrally distant from Albany 36 miles. "Its name is supposed to be a corruption of the Indian word Sah-rah-ka, or the
'side hill.' The greater part of the lands in this tract were originally granted by the English crown to a company of 13
individuals, by the title of the patent of Kayaderosseras. Smaller portions were included in other patents.
The fruitful grounds of the Iroquois Indians was called Sarach-tongue, “hillside of a great river, place of the swift water” until February 7, 1791 when it became Saratoga County. Because of its favorable position in the angle of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers, Indian trails crossed it north and south, east and west. Full History at NYSAC
Cities and Towns:
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"