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New York Counties
New York CountiesThere are 62 counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County. New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and generals, and state politicians.
Oneida County, New York
Oneida County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Named in honor of an Indian tribe of the Iroquois League
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Oneida County is located in central New York State. It was formed from Herkimer County by an act of the Legislature
on March 15, 1798. The boundaries of the county were described as follows:
Situated in the geographical center of New York State, Oneida County us a county of contrasts. Comprised of productive farmland, and forested areas, and of industrialized urban areas and suburban communities. The principal geographical feature, the Mohawk River Valley, bisects the county in an east-west direction. It was through this historic valley that early Native American trails, trappers’ routes and early military routes were located. When permanent settlement by the Europeans began, the Mohawk River Valley was a primary route of westward travel. Full History at NYSAC
Oneida County is in the central portion of New York State, east of Syracuse, and west of Albany. Oneida Lake is
on the northwestern corner of the county, and the Adirondack Park is on the northeast. Part of the Tug Hill Plateau
is in the northern part of the county. Interestingly, Oneida County's highest point does lies neither on the plateau
nor in the Adirondack Park, but in the county's southern extremity. The peak's name is Tassel Hill. It is located
slightly southeast of Hardscrabble Road (Tassel Hill Road), between the villages of Waterville and Cassville.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"