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New York Counties
New York CountiesThere are 62 counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County. New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and generals, and state politicians.
Nassau County, New York
Nassau County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Named in honor of William of Nassau, Prince of Orange
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
The small rural towns in Nassau County eagerly awaited New Year's Eve in 1899 and the beginning of the 1900s. Frank
Margot of Plainview witnessed the great celebration as the new year was rung in and "the large pickle and cabbage
salting factories set up a din with their whistles blowing a full blast and run by steam. There were whistles blowing at
at the brickyard and the church bells rang for hours." It was a particularly memorable time for residents of the towns
of Hempstead, North Hempstead and Oyster Bay, since the end of the old year marked Nassau County't first year of
existences as an independent county. Less than two years before, on January 22, 1898, a public meeting had been called
at Allen's Hotel in Mineola to discuss the creation of a new county. The hotel was crowded as P. Halstead Scudder called
the meeting to order and indicated the alternatives that faced the residents of the towns. The possibility of annexation
to Greater New York was dismissed, to the cheers of the audience, as entirely out of the question. Another, the idea of
creation a new county by combining Queens County's easter towns with different towns of western Suffolk, seemed unlikely
of adoption. Scudder concluded that the organization of a new county was the only solution to the problem which
The Dutch controlled Manhattan, then known as New Amsterdam, in 1640, when a small group of New England British arrived hoping to relocate near Oyster Bay. Dutch authorities soon forced the Englishmen eastward where they eventually established the town of Southampton.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 453 square miles (1,173 kmē), of which, 287
square miles (743 kmē) of it is land and 166 square miles (431 kmē) of it (36.72%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"