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Missouri CountiesMissouri has 114 Counties and one independent city. St. Louis City is separate from St. Louis County and is referred to as a "city not within a county."
St. Louis City, Missouri
St. Louis City History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Named for St. Louis (King Louis IX of France), patron saint of King Louis XV.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
History of Saint Louis City
Prior to the arrival of French explorers in 1673 the area that would become St. Louis was a major center of the
Mississippian mound builders. The presence of numerous mounds, now almost all destroyed, earned the later city the
nickname of "Mound City". European exploration of the area had begun nearly a century before the city was founded.
Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, both French, traveled through the Mississippi River valley in 1673, and five
years later, La Salle claimed the entire valley for France. He called it "Louisiana" after King Louis XIV; the
French also called their region "Illinois Country."
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"