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Missouri CountiesMissouri has 114 Counties and one independent city. St. Louis City is separate from St. Louis County and is referred to as a "city not within a county."
Madison County, Missouri
Madison County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Named for United States President James Madison.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
History of Madison County
Bounded on the north by St. Francois County, on the east by Perry and Bollinger counties, on the south by Bollinger
and Wayne, and on the west by Iron County, Madison was created by Territorial Legislation in 1818. Originally the
boundary on the west was Black River; it was reduced to its present size in 1867 when Iron County was formed. Originally
the county was divided into three townships, viz: Castor (east), St. Michael (west), and Liberty (north). In 1821 two
new townships were organized, Twelve Mile and German. At present there are ten townships. The first settlement within
Madison County was made at Mine La Motte (q.v.). The county seat was established at Fredericktown (q.v.), in 1819. The
name was given in honor of James Madison (1751-1836), President of the United States from 1809-1817, during the War of
1812. (Douglass I 167, Conard, Goodspeed 339-342)
Source: Hamlett, Mayme L. "Place Names Of Six Southeast Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of
Cities and Towns:
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"