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Illinois CountiesThere are 102 Counties in the state of Illinois.
Hardin County, Illinois
Hardin County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
County in Kentucky
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Hardin County was created on March 2, 1839 (Laws, 1839, p. 234) and was formed from Gallatin and Pope Counties.
Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in: Gallatin County (1812–1839), Pope County (1816–1839), Randolph
County (1801–1812) and Knox, Northwest Territory (1790–1809).
In 1801 to 1809, the territory that was Gallatin County split between the counties of Randolph and Knox.
Everything East of the line running north from Cave In Rock remained "Old Knox County" with Vincennes as the County
Seat. This territory consisted of a fourth of Hardin County, the mouth of the Saline River, as well as the area of
Old Shawneetown and New Haven. Gallatin was reduced several times. Franklin county was organized in 1818, White
county in 1815 and Hardin county in 1839. Around the 1700's, Gallatin and Hardin county were one of the same. The
history of this area couldn't possibly be told in a few paragraphs and to do it justice, would take a few years. I
will say that the little bit of what I've read is truly amazing and never ceases to hold my intrigue. This area is
one of the few and oldest in Illinois. The history here ranges from the Mound Builders, there are two in the area
you should see, Boyd's Mound and Rutherford's Mound near Saline, to the Shawnee Indians, the famous Cherokee Trail
of Tears, the beginnings of Slavery in Illinois (salt licks), to the First Federal Bank. Other stories contain
history on the Cave in Rock, to the haunting of the Old Slavery House and of course, Abraham Lincoln. I'm sure there
is more...once I've research further...and I will do my best to touch on them all. Illinois is so rich in history
and when you visit these areas... it's easy to fall back into time. The beauty of the Shawnee Forest in itself could
put you right there! History books for Hardin County are hard to come by, but I have managed to collect a few. I
have been there a couple years back, but I feel it requires another visit in the Spring. I can't wait to see
Elizabethtown again and enjoy some of that sweet hospitality and that awesome fried chicken! (for research purposes
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 182 square miles (470 kmē), of which, 178
square miles (462 kmē) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 kmē) of it (1.76%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"