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Connecticut CountiesThere arecurrently eight Counties in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Four of them were originally created in 1666, during the first consolidation of the colony of Connecticut from a number of smaller colonies. Two more Counties were created during colonial times, and only two counties, Middlesex and Tolland counties, have been created since American independence, both in 1785. The majority of Connecticut Counties are named for locations in England, where many early Connecticut settlers originated Connecticut is divided into geographic regions called counties, but they do not have functioning governments, as defined by the Census Bureau
Fairfield County, Connecticut
Fairfield County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Named after the extremely large area of salt-marshes and swamps both on the coast and inland.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Fairfield County is located in the southwest corner of the State
of Connecticut, bordered on the west by New York state, on the east
by New Haven County, and to the northeast by Litchfield County. The
Fairfield County shoreline is protected from the Atlantic Ocean and
bordered on the south by Long Island Sound. The total area covered by
Fairfield County is 626 square miles.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area
of 837 square miles (2,168 kmē), of which, 626 square miles (1,621 kmē)
of it is land and 211 square miles (547 kmē) of it (25.23%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"