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California CountiesThe U.S. state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. On January 4, 1850, the California constitutional committee recommended the formation of 18 counties. They were Benicia, Butte, Fremont, Los Angeles, Mariposa, Monterey, Mount Diablo, Oro, Redding, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Sonoma, and Sutter. On April 22, the Counties of Branciforte, Calaveras, Coloma, Colusi, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, Trinity, and Yuba were added. Benicia was renamed Solano, Coloma to El Dorado, Fremont to Yola, Mt. Diablo to Contra Costa, San Jose to Santa Clara, Oro to Tuolumne, and Redding to Shasta. One of the first state legislative acts regarding Counties was to rename Branciforte County to Santa Cruz, Colusi to Colusa, and Yola to Yolo.
The last California county to have been established is Imperial County in 1907.
Sacramento County, California
Sacramento County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
The county was named by Captain Moraga after the Sacramento River. The word Sacramento signifies "Sacrament" or "Lord's Supper."
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 995 square miles (2,578 kmē), of
which, 966 square miles (2,501 kmē) of it is land and 30 square miles (77 kmē) of it (3.00%) is water.
Most of the county is at an elevation close to sea level, with some areas below sea level. Hills along
the eastern boundary rise to several hundred feet. Major watercourses in the county include the American
River, Sacramento River and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.
Cities and Towns:
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"