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California CountiesThe U.S. state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. On January 4, 1850, the California constitutional committee recommended the formation of 18 counties. They were Benicia, Butte, Fremont, Los Angeles, Mariposa, Monterey, Mount Diablo, Oro, Redding, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Sonoma, and Sutter. On April 22, the Counties of Branciforte, Calaveras, Coloma, Colusi, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, Trinity, and Yuba were added. Benicia was renamed Solano, Coloma to El Dorado, Fremont to Yola, Mt. Diablo to Contra Costa, San Jose to Santa Clara, Oro to Tuolumne, and Redding to Shasta. One of the first state legislative acts regarding Counties was to rename Branciforte County to Santa Cruz, Colusi to Colusa, and Yola to Yolo.
The last California county to have been established is Imperial County in 1907.
Alpine County, California
Alpine County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
It derived its name from the English word alpine meaning "of, pertaining to, or connected with, the Alps." Lying as it does on the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountains, its geographical position makes it particularly an alpine county, and hence its name.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Alpine County was created in 1854 during a silver boom in the wake of the nearby Comstock Lode discovery. The county
was formed from parts of Amador, El Dorado, Calaveras and Tuolumne Counties. At its formation, the county had a
population of about 11,000. By 1868 however, the local silver mines had proven unfruitful, and the population fell to
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 743 square miles (1,925 kmē), of
which, 739 square miles (1,913 kmē) of it is land and 5 square miles (12 kmē) of it (0.61%) is water.
Cities and Towns:
- Markleeville (County Seat)
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"