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Arkansas CountiesThere are 75 Counties in the State of Arkansas which vary from the rich Delta farmlands of the Mississippi River valley to the rolling hills and gently sloped mountains of the Ozarks and Ouachitas
Cross County, Arkansas
Cross County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Cross is named for David C. Cross, a Confederate soldier and political leader in the region.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Created in November 15, 1862 from parts of Crittenden, Poinsett, and St. Francis counties, it was named for Col. David Cross, a Confederate officer. Cross County has rich, flat delta farmland in the east and west and rolling hills in the center. Agriculture and related enterprises are major to the county with rice bringing in more than half the county's revenues. Soybeans and cotton are other main crops while peaches and other fruit crops are predominate on Crowley's Ridge. Village Creek State Park, almost 7,000 acres on Crowley's Ridge, has two fishing lakes, hiking trails, campsites, picnic sites, playgrounds, and many recreational areas, and is a poplar tourist area. The county seat is Wynne. The courthouse courtroom is unique in that the building is arranged so that jurors sit with their backs to the spectators, focusing their attention on the judge and witness, who sit in opposite corners at the front of the room. Tourism is on the rise in Cross County. The Wittsburg Natural Area preserves a good sample of Crowley's Ridge covered with beech and sugar maple trees, spring wildflowers, and the state's only natural distributions of tulip trees and pennywort.
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"