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Alabama CountiesAlabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.
In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.
Calhoun County, Alabama
Calhoun County History, Geography, Demographics, Cities and Towns, and Education
Etymology - Origin of County Name
On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun County.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Calhoun County, Alabama
Benton County was established on December 18, 1832, named for Thomas Hart Benton, and then later changed to Calhoun County. Thomas Hart was a member of the United States Senate from Missouri, with its county seat at Jacksonville. Benton, a slave-owner, was a political ally of John C. Calhoun, another slaveholder and a US senator from South Carolina. Through the 1820s-1840s, however, Benton's and Calhoun's political interests diverged, with Calhoun increasingly using secession as a weapon to maintain and expand slavery throughout the United States. Benton, on the other hand, was slowly coming to the conclusion that slavery was wrong and that preservation of the union was paramount.
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"